Museum of Applied Art of Uzbekistan
Museum of Applied Arts, which presents more than four thousand exhibits and art and crafts (ceramics, gold embroidery, carpets, paintings, silk, and jewelry), the best craftsmen of Uzbekistan, was founded in 1937.
The museum is housed in a palace belonging to the Russian diplomat Alexander Polovtsev, famously tremulous attitude to art and architecture. The building is a model of architectural and decorative arts. Built in the late XIX century. The palace is richly decorated inside. The architectural decoration, ganch carving and painting on wood made by Uzbek folk artists.
During the First World War, in the building lived captured Austrian officer.
In the 20-30 years of XX century the building was an orphanage.
Currently, the museum's treasures collected gems of applied art, created by craftsmen, from the first half of XIX century until our days.
The Museum contains an extensive collection of ceramics, porcelain, glass, hand and machine embroidery, headwear, of clothing, gold embroidery, carpets, carvings and paintings on wood, musical instruments, jewelry, metal stamping, national knives and sabers.
Samples of embroidery - one of the main vaults of the museum collections. Most of them belong to the end of the XIXand beginning of the twentieth century. In Uzbekistan, the embroidery is mainly done by women, girls mastered the secrets of embroidery, and prepared for a dowry. In the past, there were no Uzbek home, where no walls would be decorated with embroidery. Houses were decorated with such products as "palyak", "gulkurpa", "zardevor", "chayshab", "Brick" and others. In addition, household items, such as "sandalpush", "dzhaynamaz" covering of the mirrors, combs, covers, jackets, collars, skirt, veil decorated with embroidery.
In the museum - the largest collection of national fabrics that are woven from silk, cotton, and semi-silk threads. Here - a variety of samples atlases, adras, beqasams, silk.
One of the Fine Arts of Uzbekistan, arts and crafts - gold embroidery - was developed in Bukhara. In the XIX century zolotoshvei sewed chapans, boots and a turban for the Emir of Bukhara and his officials. In the storerooms of the Museum of Applied Arts stored artistic mural masters of Bukhara gold embroidery factory. They were exhibited in many countries and were awarded gold, silver medals and diplomas.
Among the museum's collections are noteworthy women's jewelry. Especially notable for their unique forms of Khorezm jewelry. In the storerooms of the museum store jewelry made in traditional, folk-style, starting from the middle of the XIX century to the present day. This head ornaments - "tillyakosh", "tillyabargak", "bolaobru," "Shinshu", "sarsuzan", "bibishak", "shoukalla", "tahiyaduzi", "Bodom", "Zulfiya", earrings, pectorals "zebigardon","bozband","kukraktumor", pearl "Munchak". Boots jewelry, hair ornaments -"chochpopuk","naycha","kalitbogi", various bracelets, rings, etc.
Museum of Applied Art is such a source, which spiritually enrich every person who seeks to experience the beauty of the world, to preserve its diversity and surely get an unforgettable impression.