Location: Uzbekistan is situated in Central Asia, bordered on the north by Kazakhstan, on the south by Afghanistan and Turkmenistan in the west to the east with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
Coordinates: 41-00 N, 64-00 east longitude.
Area: 447,900 sq. km. km., of which land - 425,900 sq km, water - 22,000 sq km
The composition of the population: Uzbek - 80%, Russian - 5,5%, Tajiks - 5%, Kazakh - 5%, Karakalpak - 2%, Tatar - 1,5%.
Administrative divisions: 12 viloyats (regions), 1 autonomous republic (Karakalpakstan).
Uzbekistan's capital: Tashkent, a population of over 2, 5 million people.
Language: official language - Uzbek, are also common Karakalpak, Russian, Tajik, Kazakh and Kyrgyz languages.
Religions: Islam - 88%, Christian - 9%, 3% - the believers of other areas.
Time: GMT +5 hours.
Electricity: 220 V AC, 50 A, the standard-pin plug socket.
Internet zone: .Uz
Uzbekistan's international telephone code: +998
Monetary unit: sum (UZS).
Geographically Uzbekistan is located in the heart of Eurasia. The climate is dry and it is sharply continental. Winter is quite cold. Summer is very hot. In Termez observed temperature 50 ° C in the Kyzylkum desert - + 52 ° C. Waterless deserts have a length of several thousand kilometers. Along with this large area of mountains in the east and southeast of the country covered with snow and glaciers. Of these glaciers originate from many rivers, which stretch along the course of flowering fertile plains and oases. From the nearest Indian Ocean (1000 km) - Uzbekistan obstruct the highest mountains in the south.
The climate of Uzbekistan is very peculiar. When in the northern part is not over winter in the southern part of the inter-mountain valleys and blooming flowers, spring begins. Waterless desert sand at the foot of the mountains give way to the oases of the fields and orchards, and in the high mountains - rich pastures and forests.
The climate of Uzbekistan is characterized by a sharp amplitude of day and night, summer and winter temperatures. Difference of temperatures depending on the time of year is quite significant. The average January temperature falls to -6 ° C and average July rise to +32 ° C. The average annual amount of precipitation falling on the plain, 120 - 200 mm in mountainous areas - 1000 mm.
Clothing and footwear
Given the climate of Uzbekistan tourists have to choose the appropriate clothing and shoes. We recommend that you wear in summer is very light and loose clothing to cool evenings you can wear a cardigan or jacket. You must have sun umbrellas and sunglasses, lightweight wide-brimmed hats and panama hats. Footwear - lightweight, but durable hard sole. In summer it is not recommended Prolonged direct sunlight, as with a tourist can happen sunstroke. It is desirable to also carry a suntan lotion. Spring or autumn is recommended to wear a jacket or raincoat, warm sweater or sweatshirt. Shoes should be waterproof. In winter, of course have to dress warmly - a warm sweater, parka jacket, a hat. Shoes - Warm shoes or boots.
For tourists who want to capture the interest of space, there are no taboos. Photography is prohibited only in airports and railway stations, in some religious places, military facilities and the Tashkent metro. Accompanying guide will explain everything always interesting moments. For photography in most sightseeing places will be charged.
All cash payments are made in sum (UZS) - the national currency of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Now officially in circulation are the following types of notes - 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 sum. Banknotes and coins in denominations less than 100 soums are virtually absent in the back. Currency exchange offices are generally located in banks, hotels, at airports.
Uzbek national cuisine
Uzbek national cuisine consists of vegetable, meat and dairy products. An important place in the diet is bread, aked rom wheat flour in the form of lozenges. They are made mostly of sour dough and baked in special ovens, hot clinging to the walls. The range of foods is extremely various. This farinaceous dishes - Lagman, manpar, manta rays, etc., plenty of meat dishes - kebabs, shish kebabs, various soups and porridge of beans, seasoned with various spices. The traditional and most popular dish - Pilav. A great place to take food vegetables, fruits and grapes. Watermelons and melons especially is famous for Uzbekistan in summer and autumn are generally one of the most important food. The main drink - tea, mostly green. Prepared by local confectioners beautiful oriental sweets.
Due to the nature of the Uzbek national cuisine, following the advice of guides and escorts will protect tourists against the effects of an incorrect order and the rules of the meal.