Juma mosque Khoja Ahror Wali
Juma mosque Khoja Ahror Wali is the basis of architectural complex located in the Chorsu square. This is the only specimen in Tashkent Friday mosque courtyard type existed in Central Asia in the late Middle Ages. The foundation of the mosque was built back in the IX c. on the orders of the Emir Yahya ibn al-Assad.
In 1432 Tashkent visited Ubaidulla Ahror Hodge, one of the most famous public figures of the epoch of Timurids. Before leaving, Hodge Ahrar ordered to build a large Friday mosque and madrassa. Legend says that the funds for the construction of the Hodge Ahrar was rescued from the sale of scrap-threads, which are obtained at the edges of fabric, cut to pieces. In the old foundation, the remaining time of the first mosque Yahya ibn al-Assad, grew up in the middle of XV century, the characteristic cube with dome and open on the eastern side of an arched ceiling.
Tashkent is located near the mountains in a zone of earthquakes. Therefore, many medieval buildings are often suffered from the blows of the underground elements, sometimes even completely destroyed. Did not escape frequent restorations and Juma Mosque. For example, in the XVIII century, the heyday of the independent Tashkent State running hakim Yunus Khoja, the building of the mosque was thoroughly renovated.
Serious damage to the main mosque has caused massive earthquake in 1868, when most of the affected monuments of medieval architecture. Only in 1888 it was finally restored with funds provided by the Russian Emperor Alexander III, so it became known as "The Tsar's Mosque." Although the appearance of the building during reconstruction had to change somewhat, it is, as before, produced a very impressive impression. Suffice it to say that this is the third biggest Friday mosque in Uzbekistan. It is surpassed only by two buildings of this kind - Bibi Hanym in Samarkand and Kalon Mosque in Bukhara.
Previously, when there was not any sort of high buildings, Juma mosque Khoja AhrorWali was visible from all sides, especially - with the oldest in Tashkent Chorsu market, which makes a noise at the same place for more than a thousand years. The architectural ensemble surrounding the Juma Mosque of Khoja Ahrar Wali, in our time is almost completely lost, except for heavily restored building Kukeldash madrassa and domes of Gulbazar mosque.
In 2003 the mosque was rebuilt, with modern methods were used construction and finishing. Now, not one, but three large dome crowning the hill historic mosque looks elegant, festive, here comes a lot of people. This contributes to a good location - close is one of the oldest bazaars in Tashkent.