Madrasah Kutlug Murad-inak, Madrassah Abdullah Khan, Ak-Mosque

Madrasah Kutlug Murad-inak is located in the eastern part of Ichan-Kala in the mirror opposition madrasa of Alla-Kuli-Khan before madrassah Hodzhamberdi-biy. It was built between 1804 and 1812 Allakuli Khan's uncle, whose name was Kutlug Murad-inak. According to legend, Kutlug Murad-inak wanted to be buried in a madrassa, which he built. But he died outside of Ichan-Kala, and it was decided that this is a bad sign to carry the corpse to the Ichan-Kala through the city gates. So went to the trick: the walls of Ichan-Kala in eastern gates were broken, and the madrasa was in Dishan-Kala (outer city). The body was moved through the passage in the wall and buried in the madrassas.

It was the first two-storey madrassa in Khiva, it had 81 “hujras”. In the courtyard there is a well, covered by a dome - "sardoba."

Madrassah Abdullah Khan

Madrassah Abdullah Khan is located to west of the Ak-Mosque and south of the Madrasah Kutlug Murad-inak. It was built in 1855, Kutlug Murad inak’s wife in honor of his son - Abdullah Khan, who was killed at 17 age in a skirmish with the nomadic Turkmens. The design of this madrassa has some deviations from the standard model building madrassas. When you look from above, it is a rectangle with corner towers, stretching from east to west. In the madrasa has two entrances, which also corresponds to the tradition.


Ak-Mosque (in translation - the White Mosque) is located in the ensemble at the eastern gate of Ichan-Kala - Palvan Darwaza. Its foundation was laid for Anush Khan in 1657. The current building is the same, as indicated by the inscription on the door, rebuilt in 1838-1842. Here you can read the names of Khiva masters of wood carving: Nur Muhammad, son of Adin Qalandar and Qalandar, son of Sayyid Muhammad.

The mosque consists of a domed room and “avian” (summer canopy). White spherical dome covers the size of a room for prayers, 6,3 × 6,3 m. The square base of the dome gives the building a distinctive stepped profile. “Mihrab” (niche indicating the direction to Mecca), the mosque is located in the center of the south wall.

On three sides of the winter the room is “aiwan” with wooden columns, which are devoid of a continuous thread, and only the completion of their sculptured capitals composing processed. The walls inside the building are covered with smooth stucco plaster. Asceticism is a lively form of an openwork pattern “ganch” bars on the windows of the mosque. The doors of the mosque are covered with epigraphic and ornamental carvings.