Medieval Trade domes in Bukhara
In the Middle Ages Bukhara was a major trade, craft and administrative center of Central Asia. It is through this city of the Great Silk Road connecting the state of the Middle East, India and China. According to this ancient caravan route followed by merchants and diplomats, travelers and dervishes (wandering monks), held an exchange not only goods, but also cultural values.
Bukhara has always been famous for its bazaars, which were also a place of trade, and a meeting place for business people, a place of entertainment and amusements. Located along major thoroughfares, cramped shops and craft workshops, they are always swarming crowd of riders and pedestrians, carts laden with congestion and camels.
In the XVI century when the Sheibanids dynasty established their power in Central Asia, and Bukhara made the capital of the state, begins flowering of the city unfolds mass construction. During this period, the dome was built the famous covered bazaar, which became a symbol of the city, its importance on the Silk Road. Throughout the Bukhara and its environs were built shopping centers, mainly at the intersection of roads 2-3, but to date there remained only four trading dome.
At the crossroads of the main roads of the city of Bukhara were constructed complex dome of the building - "Toks." Passing the Poi Kalon square, the former trade route leads us to the ancient crossroads of major thoroughfares of medieval Bukhara, where to go the traditional "Four Bazaars", poured in a domed building, which was transferred to the name of the crossroads - Chorsu.
At the site of ancient Bukhara Chorsu in 1569-70 years was elevated the largest of the remaining shopping malls Bukhara - Toki Zargaron ("The dome of jewelers"), excellent-a-kind building. This domed arcade, ie arch over the roadway street in conjunction with a group of galleries around the shops and workshops. Toki Zargaron holds 36 shops and jewelers shops, with all the equipment.
Dome cover Toki Zargaron are very beautiful, their shapes are strict and clear. There is nothing decorative, all subject to a constructive logic.
This trading dome is considered to be the largest covered bazaar in Bukhara. It is located near the Poi Kalon square, and is the northernmost of the four domes. Another feature of the Toki Zargaron a dome shape - it stretches upward, and has a protruding vertical ribs.
Tim of Abdullah Khan
If we move from this dome to the south, then towards the left you can see one of the great market buildings of the Sheibanids era - arcade Tim of Ablulla Khan (1577). The main dome of the building placed on the octagonal base, surrounded by his gallery, covered by a series of small domes. Feature of the building is a special light, created out of small windows and holes in the domes. It is always cool, regardless of the weather outside. Over the centuries, here traded fabrics and carpets, and today this tradition has not changed.
Toki Telpak Furushon
In Toki Telpak Furushon you could buy a luxury hats: gold embroidery and beaded skull-caps, fur hats, cunningly folded turbans. The building has a different-sized angles converged five streets. The medieval masters have decided this complex urban development node, passing the road between the six radiating pylons carrying a low spherical dome (diameter is 14.5 m) on twelve-sided lantern. At 12 going around the room axes based gallery with niches, storage and warehouse products.
For the first time this trading books, and the place was called Kitab-Furushon, but later it was fixed trade hats, men's, women's, children: skullcaps, scarves, turbans, fur hats. There is also a gallery with niches, storage and warehouse products.
West Passage Toki Telpak Furushon goes out to the old Mehtar Ambar street. The first building on the right, adjacent to the wall Toki Telpak Furushon - an ancient caravanserai Kuleta (XVI c.). Slightly forward and to the left, stands the mosque Kurpa. Almost at the end of this street on the right is Mullah Tursunzhon madrassas.
Toki Sarrafon Dome is located on the ancient canal Shohrud. Now Shohrud hidden in concrete channel under the asphalt street. Under this dome sat with his hand safes and boxes "money retailers " - "Sarrafs" - money-changers, who a few centuries ago, changed money of traders from all over the world, and made usurious transaction. You could say it was one of the oldest exchange markets of the East. Usurious transactions were carried out exclusively Hindus or Jews, as Islam prohibits such activities.
There is also embroidered with gold-selling products, earrings, pendants, precious trappings, utensils. Today, there are no currency dealers, but a great selection of Oriental carpets and other souvenirs.