Mausoleum of Khoja Akhror Wali, Madrassah of Nodir Divan-begi
In the 1630-1635 Nadir Divan-begi - the vizier of the Emir of Bukh ara Imamkulihan, a few miles south of Samarkand, in the neighborhood with "dakhma" (burial) of Khoja Akhror Wali, built a madrasa. Madrasah, which was called madrassah of Nodir Divan-begi was built in honor of the eminent Naqshbandi Order, the famous Sheikh Khoja Akhror Wali. Khoja Ahror, head of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order ("Sufism" - a mystical branch of Islam), a native mountain village Bogistan in Tashkent region. Khoja Ahrar first visited Samarkand in 1426 at 22 years of age, and finally moved to Samarkand in 1451, after the death of Ulugbek, during the reign of Abu Sayyid, one of the representatives of the Timurids dynasty. With his pupil young king Ahmad, he achieved almost unlimited power and became de facto ruler of Samarkand and the richest landowner in the state.
The great medieval poet Jami called it "Khoja of Khojes", "Man is aware of the nature of the subject", "Before his holiness, the appearance and spirit, the people prostrated themselves."
His motto was: "For the complete fulfillment of his spiritual mission in the world to use political power". This motto has identified all further social and political activities of the Order "Naqshbandi." One of the titles of Khoja Ahrar was "Hazrat-Imam" (Holy Imam). He went on three main branches of the teachings of the "Naqshbandi": Central Asian, West Indian and Turkish.
Khoja Ahrar died in 1490 and was buried in a white marble carved “dakhma” funeral stele near his estate. Go to the cemetery belonged fenced yard with an octagonal house (pond), which is reflected in the waters of painting aivans mosque and minaret. Later, around the tomb of Khoja Ahrar took shape over time, the sacred cemetery.
Construction of madrasahs Nodir Divan-begi on this site shows the great respect and reverence Khoja Akhror Wali. Very often, due to its location madrassa named Sari Mazor ("Home Cemetery") or madrassas Khoja Akhror Wali.
During the construction of the building plan some elements were borrowed from Sherdor madrassah in Registan Square in Samarkand. The mosaic Image of Tiger on the portal, only without the sun, gave madrasas second name - "Sherdori Berun" (ie, "the external (extra) Sherdor").
The monument has reached our time in a very ruined state, the outer portal of its tilted to one meter and threatened to fall, and the vaults of the roof cracked, facing the top of the entrance of the eastern portal disappeared during the renovation in the early XX VV 80-ies People Master Abdughaffor Hakkulov began restoration work in the madrasas, which continue d in the years of Independence.
To restore the appearance of the madrassas have been studied a lot of archival material, in particular, the book "Samaria" by Samarkand scientist of the XIX century Abutahir Hodja, as well as some photos of madrassas Nadir Divan-begi made back in 1870 and stored in the collections of St. Petersburg's Hermitage. There was a picture of them and the input of the eastern portal, the tympanum is visible pieces of hunting scenes of lions and deer. Also, according to Professor P. Zakhidov, finds the statue has not yet destroyed, "the portal of this Madrassah had the image of two lions and two deer, executed in mosaic technique of carving".
The careful, painstaking study of archival documents, old black and white photos the past two centuries, the modeling the fragments allowed the restorers to fully restore the building and facing Nadir Divan-begi madrassas, which appears today in front of tourists and pilgrims in their original form.
In preparing the articles used material sites and http://sam-mus.uz http://vostokcafe.com