Mausoleum of Al Moturidy
Abu Mansur Muhammad al-Hanafi al-Moturidy al-Samarkand - the imam, scholar and philosopher, founder of the current "Moturidiya" in Kalam (a Muslim theology), an expert in Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), was born in 870 in the town Motrud near Samarkand. Educated first at a rural school and then went to the madrassas.
His life is spent in Samarkand, and very rarely went beyond it. His spiritual mentor he believed Imam Muhammad al-Bukhari. Alisher Navoi called him the "Sultan al-Muizzin" - "Lord of respectable scientists."
In the IX-X centuries there is a lot of misconceptions of Islam, sects, which obscured the original teachings of clarity. Against it and fought Imam al-Moturidy. He created many works. Ledger's life, "Kitab al-Tawhid" ("Book of the unity of God"), written in Arabic, became widely known throughout the Muslim world. He believed that a person has accepted God through the knowledge of God, knows himself, and spirituality and compassion become his life's major landmarks. Self-knowledge and education in a fundamental moral values affect not only the particular person, but on society as a whole.
Among his works there is one, written in Farsi, "Manual for beginners to learn the Quran," where he applied a scientific approach to studying the Quran and that is of great importance for the development of Koranic science. Students flocked to him in many, and the Imam taught them in the garden of his home. His influence in the scientific world the Muslim East was very high.
The most famous of his followers became Abul Muin Nasafi (XI cent.) continued the teaching of "moturidiyya."
Died Imam Abu Mansur al-Moturidy in 944 and was buried in the Chokardiza cemetery in Samarkand, where he built a mausoleum, which is highly esteemed people. According to legend, the cemetery were buried more than 3,000 scientists and theologians. The mausoleum was barbarously destroyed in the 30 years of the twentieth century in the Soviet period.
In 2000 in the Republic of Uzbekistan is widely noted 1130-anniversary of the birth of the scientist. Hosted international forums, where scientists from different countries presented their research on the heritage of Al-Moturidy.
At the same time in 2000 on the initiative of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan I.A. Karimov at the site of the demolished mausoleum was built architectural complex in the center of which stands the mausoleum of the scientist. When building this monument were used the best traditions of the Uzbek national architecture. The architectural complex built by the architect Rahmatullo Salakhutdinov in collaboration with Egamberdi Nurullayev. In the construction involved, such as Samarkand craftsmen Mirumar Asadov, Matlub Makhmudov, Ekub Tagirov, Tashpulat Atoev. The interiors filled Amriddinom Nadzhmiddinov. Exteriors are made Hakim Asadov.
The area of the mausoleum – 12 * 12 m, height double of dome - 17.5 meters. The outer dome is ribbed, decorated with blue majolica. The drum is decorated with 24 arches and window grilles alabaster – “pandjara”. In the external and internal cladding applied mosaics, majolica, “ganch”. On the tombstone of white marble carved with sayings of Imam al-Motrudy.
West of the mausoleum is a low dome construction – “dakhma” of Sayyids (descendants of Prophet Muhammad), Amir Timur brought from Herat and Mashhad.
To the north of the mausoleum is located “sufa” (elevation) with tombstones IX-XVIII centuries.
To the south-west of the mausoleum is located in a garden gazebo, rotunda over the grave of a famous legal scholar and author of books on Islamic jurisprudence, "Al-Hido", Burhaneddin al Margiloni.
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